The Phlebotominae (Sand Fly) include many genera of blood-feeding (hematophagous) flies, including the primary vectors of leishmaniasis and pappataci fever.

Sand flies are small; a body size of about 3mm in length is typical for many species, which aids them in escaping notice. Their bite is not always felt, but leaves a small round, reddish bump that starts itching hours or days later.

They are typically found between latitudes 50°N and 40°S, but like other vectors are invasively extending their ranges northwards and have become established in Belgium and the coast of Northern France.

Current Know Distribution:
Phlebotomus mascittii   Click Here
Phlebotomus ariasi   Click Here
Phlebotomus perniciosus   Click Here
Phlebotomus papatasi   Click Here
Phlebotomus perfiliewi   Click Here
Phlebotomus neglectus   Click Here
Phlebotomus sergenti   Click Here

Vector: Phlebotominae (Sand Fly)

Sandfly Maps

Phlebotomus mascittii has been recorded in Switzerland, France, Belgium, Germany, Austria and Corsica.


Phlebotomus ariasi occurs in France, Spain, Portugal and Italy and has also been reported in Andorra.


Phlebotomus perniciosus is known to be present in Bulgaria, Croatia,  France, Malta, Portugal, Spain, southern Switzerland and western Germany and has recently been found for the first time in Andorra. There is evidence of increased distribution of Phlebotomus perniciosus in Italy, and its range is predicted to expand in Spain and Germany with climate warming.


Phlebotomus papatasi is distributed throughout southern Europe in Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Portugal, Serbia, southern France, Spain and Turkey.


The current known distribution of Phlebotomus perfiliewi encompasses Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, south-eastern France, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey and Ukraine.


Phlebotomus neglectus is found in Albania, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Serbia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey.


Phlebotomus sergenti occurs in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, southern France and Turkey.